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Ethical Principles and Publication Policy

The publication processes implemented in NWSA Academic Journals are the basis for the development and distribution of information in an impartial and respectful manner. The processes implemented in this direction are directly reflected in the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support the authors. Peer-reviewed studies are studies that embody and support the scientific method. At this point, it is important that all stakeholders of the process (authors, readers and researchers, publisher, referees and editors) comply with the standards for ethical principles. Within the scope of publication ethics of NWSA Academic Journals, all stakeholders are expected to bear the following ethical responsibilities.


  1. Ethical Responsibilities of Authors

The works submitted by the author(s) are expected to be original. If the author(s) benefit from or use other works, they are required to cite and/or cite completely and accurately. Persons who do not contribute to the content intellectually in the creation of the work should not be specified as the author. All studies submitted for publication, if any, situations that may constitute a conflict of interest and their relationships should be disclosed. Raw data regarding their articles can be requested from the author(s) within the framework of the evaluation processes, in such a case the author(s) should be ready to present the expected data and information to the editorial board and scientific committee. The author(s) should have a document showing that they have the right to use the data used, the necessary permissions for the research/analysis, or the consent of the experimented subjects. In the event that the author(s) notices an error or error in their published, early appearance or evaluation work, they have an obligation to cooperate with the editor in informing, correcting or withdrawing the journal editor or publisher. Authors cannot have their work in the application process of more than one journal at the same time. Each application can be started following the completion of the previous application. Work published in another journal cannot be submitted to NWSA Academic Journals. Changing the author responsibilities of a work whose evaluation process has begun (such as adding an author, changing the order of authors, removing an author) cannot be proposed.


  1. Editors' Ethical Responsibilities

Editors are responsible for every publication published in NWSA Academic Journals. In the context of this responsibility, editors have the following roles and responsibilities:

Making efforts to meet the information needs of readers and writers,

Ensuring the continuous development of the journal,

Conducting processes to improve the quality of studies published in the journal,

Supporting freedom of thought,

Ensuring academic integrity,

Continuing business processes without compromising intellectual property rights and ethical standards,

To show openness and transparency in terms of publication on issues that require correction and explanation.


  1. Relations with the Reader

Editors should make decisions by considering the knowledge, skills and experience expectations of all readers, researchers and practitioners. It should be careful that the published studies contribute to the reader, researcher, practitioner and scientific literature, and that they are original. In addition, editors are obliged to consider the feedback from readers, researchers and practitioners, and to provide explanatory and informative feedback.


  1. Relationships with Authors

The duties and responsibilities of the editors to the authors are as follows:

Editors should make a positive or negative decision based on the importance, original value, validity, clarity of the narrative, and the journal's goals and objectives.

Studies that are suitable for the scope of publication should be taken to the preliminary evaluation stage unless they have serious problems. Editors should not ignore positive referee suggestions unless there is a serious problem with the study. New editors should not change the decisions made by the previous editor(s) regarding the studies unless there is a serious problem. The Blind Refereeing Process must be published and the editors must prevent deviations that may occur in the defined processes. Editors should publish an "Author's Guide" that includes every subject expected from them by the authors in detail. These guides should be updated periodically. Authors should be informed and returned in an explanatory and informative way.


  1. Relations with Arbitrators

The duties and responsibilities of the editors towards the referees are as follows:

The referees should be determined in accordance with the subject of the study. It is responsible for providing the information and guides that the referees will need during the evaluation phase. It has to consider whether there is a conflict of interest between the authors and the referees. In the context of blind refereeing, the identity of the referees should be kept confidential. It should encourage referees to evaluate the work in an impartial, scientific and objective language. Judges should be evaluated with criteria such as timely return and performance. It should determine practices and policies that increase the performance of referees. He should take the necessary steps to dynamically update the referee pool. It should prevent rude and unscientific evaluations. Take steps to ensure that the referee pool is broad.


  1. Relations with the Editorial Board

Editors should ensure that all editorial board members follow the processes in accordance with editorial policies and guidelines. The editorial board should inform its members about the publication policies and keep them informed of the developments. The new editorial board should educate its members on editorial policies and provide the information they need. In addition, editors; It should ensure that the members of the editorial board evaluate the work impartially and independently. The new editorial board members should be able to contribute and should be determined as appropriate. The members of the editorial board should submit studies suitable for their field of expertise for evaluation. Must interact regularly with the editorial board. Meetings should be held with the editorial board periodically for the development of publication policies and the journal.


  1. Relations with Journal Owner and Publisher

The relationship between the editors and Fırat Academy is based on the principle of editorial independence. In accordance with the written contract between the editors and the publisher, all decisions taken by the editors are independent of the publisher and the journal owner.


  1. Editorial and Blind Review Processes

Editors; is obliged to implement the "Blind Refereeing and Evaluation" policies included in the journal's publication policies. In this context, the editors ensure that the fair, impartial and timely evaluation process of each work is completed.


  1. Quality Assurance

Editors; is responsible for publishing every article published in the journal in accordance with journal publication policies and international standards.


  1. Protection of Personal Data

Editors; is obliged to ensure the protection of personal data regarding the subjects or images included in the evaluated studies. It is responsible for refusing to work unless the explicit consent of the individuals used in the studies is documented. In addition, editors; The author is responsible for protecting the individual data of the referees and readers.


  1. Ethics Committee, Human and Animal Rights

Editors; It is responsible for ensuring the protection of human and animal rights in the evaluated studies. Ethics committee approval for the subjects used in the studies is responsible for refusing the study in cases where there is no permission for experimental research.


  1. Prevention Against Potential Misconduct and Misconduct

Editors; is obliged to take precautions against possible abuse and misconduct. It is among the responsibilities of the editor to share the relevant findings, as well as to conduct a meticulous and objective investigation regarding the identification and evaluation of complaints regarding this situation.


  1. Ensuring Academic Publication Integrity

Editors should ensure that judgments containing errors, inconsistencies or misdirection in studies are promptly corrected.


  1. Protection of Intellectual Property Rights

Editors; is obliged to protect the intellectual property rights of all published articles and to defend the rights of the journal and the author(s) in case of possible violations. In addition, the editors are obliged to take the necessary measures so that the contents of all published articles do not violate the intellectual property rights of other publications.


  1. Constructivism and Openness to Discussion Editors

He/she should take into consideration the persuasive criticisms of the works published in the journal and should adopt a constructive attitude towards these criticisms. The author(s) of the criticized works should be given the right of reply. One should not ignore or exclude studies with negative results.


  1. Complaints

Editors; The author is obliged to carefully examine the complaints from the referees or readers and respond in an enlightening and explanatory manner.


  1. Political and Commercial Concerns

The owner of the journal and no other political or commercial factors affect the editors' independent decision making.




  1. Conflicts of Interest

Editors; takes into account the conflicts of interest between the author(s), referees and other editors, and ensures that the publication process of the studies is completed in an independent and impartial manner.


  1. Ethical Responsibilities of Referees

Evaluation of all studies with "Blind Refereeing" directly affects the quality of the publication. This process provides confidence through an objective and independent evaluation of the publication. The evaluation process in NWSA Academic Journals is carried out with the principle of double-blind refereeing. Referees cannot directly communicate with authors, evaluations and comments are transmitted through the journal management system. In this process, reviewer comments on evaluation forms and full texts are forwarded to the author(s) through the editor. In this context, the referees who evaluate the work for NWSA Academic Journals are expected to have the following ethical responsibilities:

Only work related to the area of ​​expertise should accept evaluation. It should evaluate with impartiality and confidentiality. If the referee thinks that he is facing a conflict of interest during the evaluation process, he should refuse to review the study and inform the journal editor. In accordance with the principle of confidentiality, they should destroy the studies they have examined after the evaluation process. They can only use the final versions of the studies they have reviewed after they are published. The referee should make the evaluation in a constructive and courteous language. Do not make derogatory personal comments that include hostility, slander and insults. Reviewers must perform the work they accept to evaluate on time and with the above ethical responsibilities.


  1. Publisher's Ethical Responsibilities

NWSA Academic Journals, the publisher of Fırat Akademi, is a non-profit public benefit organization. NWSA Academic Journals publish in order to make science public at international standards, in line with its founding philosophy. In this context, NWSA Academic Journals and Editorial Board acts with the awareness of the following ethical responsibilities:

Editors are responsible for all processes of studies submitted to NWSA Academic Journals. In this context, the decision makers are the editors, regardless of economic or political gains. NWSA Academic Journals retains the ownership and copyright of every published article and undertakes to keep a record of every published copy.

The editors are obliged to take precautions against all kinds of scientific abuse, citation fraud and plagiarism.


  1. If An Unethical Situation Is Encountered

If you encounter any unethical behavior or content in NWSA Academic Journals other than the above-mentioned ethical responsibilities, please report it by e-mail to nwsa.akademi@hotmail.com.